Clean Water and Sanitation
Water is very important in our lives. Nothing is possible without water. Man cannot survive without water. human being. Animals, trees, etc. all need water. It is very disturbing that man has made the water available in the world difficult because he has improved his daily life. Oceans are found on 78% of the world’s land. It contains salt water and is not drinkable. Fresh water is good for human consumption. Of all the water on earth, only 21% of human water is available. Water is very important for human life.
Access to water and sanitation is a human right .Yet, billions are still faced with daily challenges even the most basic of services. Billions of People lack access to basic sanitation services such as toilets.
Water and sanitation related diseases remain among the major cases of death in children under five.
Proper water and sanitation is a key foundation for achieving the sustainable development goals; including good health and gender equality. Sanitation refers to public health condition related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta.
Water sanitation is a process of cleaning and purifying water so it is safe for use. Worldwide, more than 2 million people die every year from diarrheal diseases .Poor hygiene and unsafe water are responsible for nearly 90% of these deaths and mostly affect children.
A study by the World Bank Group, UNICEF and the World Health Organization estimates that extending basic water and sanitation services to the unserved would cost US $ 28.4 billion per year from 2015 to 2030 or 0.10 percent of the global product of the 140 countries including in its study.
Poor water quality has its most direct impact on aquatic wildlife, particularly fish, bugs, and plants. Excess nutrients, sediment, road salt, and other contaminants can reduce the variety and hardiness of organisms living in the state’s waters.
A leader should focus on quality of water for living. A leader should order for conducting water quality test like a PH testing, Chloride test, Salinity test, Dissolved oxygen, Turbidity test, Nitrate and Phosphate Pesticides ,Redox Electrical Conductivity, and metals.
Societies and Organizations should work to keep governments accountable, invest in the water research and development. Leader should make its people also get involved in the World Water Day and World Toilet Day campaigns that aim to provide information and inspiration to take action on hygiene issues. There is need to promote hygiene habits through to education. Proper hand washing with soap and water can reduce diarrhea cases up to 35% .There is a need to implement rainwater harvesting system to collect and store rainwater for drinking or recharging underground aquifers.
As a leader, I would say to you. Human life is from water. So we have to keep the water safe. Water should be used sparingly and not wasted. There is a lot of water loss in the world today and that is why we are. Pollution from large factories and chemical waste is being dumped in lakes and ponds. The water of the river is getting very dirty. The government is doing what it can. You should also not waste water. And use as much as you need. And together we will provide clean water to the poor people and solve their water problems. And will help them.